Nginx搭建https服务器的教程

HTTPS协议的主要作用可以分为两种:一种是建立一个信息安全通道,来保证数据传输的安全;另一种就是确认网站的真实性。大家可以具体自身的需求选择购买SSL证书,接下来SSL证书申请指南分享Nginx搭建https服务器的教程。

1、创建SSL证书

1.1生产私钥,openssl genrsa -des3 -out xn2.lqb.com.key 2048。此命令将生成2048位的RSA私钥,使用DES3算法,私钥文件名可任意命名,在Nginx配置中指定文件路径即可,会提示设定私钥密码,请设置密码,并牢记。

[root@Monitorssl]#opensslgenrsa-des3-outxn2.lqb.com2048 GeneratingRSAprivatekey,2048bitlongmodulus …………………………….+++ ……………………………………………….+++ eis65537(0x010001) Enterpassphraseforxn2.lqb.com: Verifying-Enterpassphraseforxn2.lqb.com:

1.2以上生产的key是有密码的,如果把密码去除,执行如下命令openssl rsa -in xn2.lqb.com -out xn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key

[root@Monitorssl]#ls xn2.lqb.com [root@Monitorssl]#opensslrsa-inxn2.lqb.com-outxn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key Enterpassphraseforxn2.lqb.com: writingRSAkey

1.3由已生产的私钥生成证书请求文件CSR。openssl rsa -in xn2.lqb.com -out xn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key

[root@Monitorssl]#opensslrsa-inxn2.lqb.com-outxn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key Enterpassphraseforxn2.lqb.com: writingRSAkey [root@Monitorssl]#opensslreq-new-keyxn2.lqb.com-outxn2.lqb.com.csr Enterpassphraseforxn2.lqb.com: Youareabouttobeaskedtoenterinformationthatwillbeincorporated intoyourcertificaterequest. WhatyouareabouttoenteriswhatiscalledaDistinguishedNameoraDN. Therearequiteafewfieldsbutyoucanleavesomeblank Forsomefieldstherewillbeadefaultvalue, Ifyouenter’.’,thefieldwillbeleftblank. —– CountryName(2lettercode)[AU]:CN StateorProvinceName(fullname)[Some-State]:shanghai LocalityName(eg,city)[]:shanghai OrganizationName(eg,company)[InternetWidgitsPtyLtd]:xn2.lqb.com OrganizationalUnitName(eg,section)[]:IT CommonName(e.g.serverFQDNorYOURname)[]:xn2.lqb.com EmailAddress[]:2223344@qq.com Pleaseenterthefollowing’extra’attributes tobesentwithyourcertificaterequest Achallengepassword[]: Anoptionalcompanyname[]: [root@Monitorssl]#ls xn2.lqb.comxn2.lqb.com.csrxn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key

1.4.证书请求文件CSR文件必须有CA的签名才能形成证书,可以将此CSR发给StartSSL(可免费)、verisign(一大笔钱)等地方由他来验证。也可以自己做CA,自己给自己颁发证书。创建一个自己签署的CA证书。openssl req -new -x509 -days 3650 -key xn2.lqb.com -out xn2.lqb.com.crt

[root@Monitorssl]#opensslreq-new-x509-days3650-keyxn2.lqb.com-outxn2.lqb.com.crt xn2.lqb.comxn2.lqb.com.csrxn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key [root@Monitorssl]#opensslreq-new-x509-days3650-keyxn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key-outxn2.lqb.com.crt Youareabouttobeaskedtoenterinformationthatwillbeincorporated intoyourcertificaterequest. WhatyouareabouttoenteriswhatiscalledaDistinguishedNameoraDN. Therearequiteafewfieldsbutyoucanleavesomeblank Forsomefieldstherewillbeadefaultvalue, Ifyouenter’.’,thefieldwillbeleftblank. —– CountryName(2lettercode)[AU]:CN StateorProvinceName(fullname)[Some-State]:Shanghai LocalityName(eg,city)[]:shanghai OrganizationName(eg,company)[InternetWidgitsPtyLtd]:lqb.com OrganizationalUnitName(eg,section)[]:IT CommonName(e.g.serverFQDNorYOURname)[]:xn2.lqb.com EmailAddress[]: [root@Monitorssl]#ls xn2.lqb.comxn2.lqb.com.crtxn2.lqb.com.csrxn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key

2、配置nginx虚拟主机文件

[root@Monitorssl]#vim../server.conf server{ listen80; server_namexn2.lqb.com; root/html/xn2; #rewrite^/(.*)$https:xn3.lqb.com/$1permanent; location/{ indexindex.html; #proxy_cachemycache; #proxy_cache_valid2003h; #proxy_cache_valid30130210m; #proxy_cache_validall1m; #proxy_cache_use_staleerrortimeouthttp_500http_502http_503; # #proxy_passhttp://192.168.180.9; #proxy_set_headerHost$host; #proxy_set_headerX-Real-IP$remote_addr; } location/images/ { indexindex.html; } } server{ listen*:443; server_namexn2.lqb.com; sslon;###位虚拟主机开启ssl支持 ssl_certificate/usr/local/nginx/conf/server/ssl/xn2.lqb.com.crt;###为虚拟主机指定签名证书文件 ssl_certificate_key/usr/local/nginx/conf/server/ssl/xn2.lqb.com_nopwd.key;###为虚拟主机指定私钥文件 ##ssl_session_timeout5m;####客户端能够重复使用存储在缓存中的会话参数时间 root/html/xn3; location/images/{ indexindex.html; } location/{ proxy_passhttp://192.168.180.23; proxy_set_headerHost$host; proxy_set_headerX-Real-IP$remote_addr; } }

证书推荐

更多
SSL证书名 类型 首年价格 两年价格 选项
Symantec Secure Site 单域名 ¥2888 ¥5100 立即购买
Thawte SSL 123 单域名 ¥399 ¥699 立即购买
RapidSSL Wildcard

Certificate

通配符 ¥899 ¥1599 立即购买
Comodo Essential SSL 单域名 ¥219 ¥379 立即购买
GeoTrust True BusinessID

with EV

单域名 ¥1888 ¥3288 立即购买
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